The Year of Theatre and Russian Hospitality
The International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements
The 705th anniversary since the birth of the Reverend Sergey of Radonezh (1314-1392)
The 145th anniversary since the birth of N.K. Roerich
The 140th anniversary since the birth of H.I. Roerich
The 115th anniversary since the birth of S.N. Roerich
The 15th anniversary since the death of N.D. Spirina
We wish you love and joy! May all your kind wishes come true! Happy New Year!
Supposed birthday of Uta von Naumburg (c. 1000 – after 1046), the Margravine of Meissen. For her selflessness, charity and treatment she was revered like a saint.
Birthday of Isaac Newton (1643-1727), English physicist, astronomer, alchemist and mathematician who discovered the law of gravity.
Birthday of Joan of Arc (1412-1431). During the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453) she liberated France from the English rule.
Birthday of Alexander Scriabin (1872-1915), Russian composer-cosmist, pianist and philosopher.
Christmas, annual commemoration of the birth of Jesus Christ, Spiritual Teacher of mankind (Orthodox tradition).
Nature Reserves and National Parks Day.
International Thank You Day.
Birthday of Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902), spiritual thinker and religious reformer of India.
Birthday of Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965), German then French philosopher, theologian, musicologist and physician, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (1952).
Commemoration day of Venerable Seraphim of Sarov (1754-1833), Russian spiritual ascetic, seer, elder, founder of the Serafimo-Diveevsky Monastery.
Birthday of Aleksander Griboyedov (1795-1829), Russian playwright, poet, composer, diplomat, author of the comedy "Woe from Wit".
Birthday of Sofia Kovalevskaya (1850-1891), Russian mathematician and engineer, Russia's first female professor.
Birthday of Francia LaDue (1849-1923), founder of The Temple of the People (1898, Halcyon, USA), compiler of "Theogenesis" and "Teachings of the Temple" series.
Birthday of Valentin Serov (1865-1911), Russian painter, master of portraiture, landscape painter and graphic artist.
Birthday of Boris Smirnov-Rusetsky (1905-1993), Russian painter-cosmist, landscape painter, member of Amaravella group, disciple and follower of Nicholas Roerich.
Birthday of Pavel Florensky (1882-1937), Russian theologian, philosopher, scientist and poet.
Birthday of Francis Bacon (1561-1626), English philosopher, scientist, founder of empiricism, historian, statesman.
Birthday of Vasily Surikov (1848-1916), Russian artist, master of big historical picture.
Birthday of Ivan Shishkin (1832-1898), Russian landscape painter who celebrated the beauty of the Russian forest.
Birthday of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791), Austrian composer, whose works include all genres of classicism, virtuoso pianist.
Birthday of Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin (1826-1889), Russian writer, satirist, essayist, educator.
Birthday of Arkhip Kuindzhi (1841/1842-1910), Russian landscape painter, master of light, teacher.
Birthday of Vladimir Solovyov (1853-1900), Russian religious mystic philosopher, poet, founder of "philosophy of all-unity", essayist.
Birthday of Vasily Klyuchevsky (1841-1911), Russian historian, author of multivolume "A Course in Russian History".
Birthday of Semyon Frank (1877-1950), Russian religious philosopher, author of "The Meaning of Life" and "Light and Darkness".
Birthday of Anton Chekhov (1860-1904), Russian writer, playwright, physician and social activist.
Svetoslav Roerich Remembrance Day. Svetoslav Roerich (1904-1993) was a Russian painter (author of more than 4,000 paintings), philosopher, art critic, social activist, teacher, scientist and traveler.
Birthday of Franz Schubert (1797-1828), Austrian composer, one of the founders of Romanticism in music.
Birthday of Alexander Chizhevsky (1897-1964), founder of space biology, heliobiology, aero-ionization, representative of Russian cosmism.
Day of Russian Science.
Birthday of Boris Zaitsev (1881-1972), Russian writer, author of the novel "Saint Sergius of Radonezh".
Birthday of Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), Russian writer, poet and Nobel Prize Laureate in Literature (1958).
Birthday of Helena Roerich (1879-1955), Russian spiritual leader, philosopher, co-founder of Living Ethics (Agni Yoga), East explorer, traveler and writer.
Birthday of Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), Italian scientist, founder of classical mechanics, astronomy, mathematics and physics.
Birthday of Nikolai Leskov (1831-1895), Russian writer, journalist and author of novels "The Enchanted Wanderer" and "Lefty".
Giordano Bruno Remembrance Day. Giordano Bruno (1548-1600) was an Italian Dominican monk, philosopher and poet, representative of pantheism.
Birthday of Sri Ramakrishna (1836-1886), Indian spiritual ascetic, yogi, thinker, reformer of Hinduism.
Birthday of Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543), Polish astronomer and mathematician, founder of the heliocentric theory in European science.
Birthday of Rihards Rudzitis (1898-1960), Latvian poet and writer, author of works on Nicholas Roerich.
Birthday of Semyon Kirlian (1898-1978), Russian scientist and inventor who along with his wife Valentina Kirlian (1904-1971) developed Kirlian photography.
Defender of the Fatherland Day. We wish you courage, dedication and persistence!
Birthday of George Frideric Handel (1685-1759), German composer, author of monumental, heroic works (oratorios, operas, cantatas).
Birthday of Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919), French impressionist, portraitist, graphic artist and sculptor .
Birthday of Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510), Italian painter of the Renaissance.
Birthday of Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849), Polish pianist and romantic composer, "poet of piano".
Birthday of Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741), Italian Baroque composer, author of 450 concerts for various soloists and orchestra, violin virtuoso.
Birthday of Michelangelo (1475-1564), Italian sculptor, painter, architect, master of drawing and poet of the High Renaissance.
International Women's Day. We wish you eternal spring, love and joy!
Birthday of Jakob Böhme (1575-1624), German Christian mystic, theosophist and pantheist.
Birthday of Yuri Gagarin (1934-1968), first cosmonaut of the Earth.
Birthday of Vladimir Vernadsky (1863-1945), founder of biogeochemistry, radiogeology and theory of the biosphere, representative of Russian cosmism.
Birthday of Albert Einstein (1879-1955), one of the founders of modern theoretical physics, founder of the theory of relativity, social activist and humanist.
Birthday of Valentin Rasputin (b. 1937), Russian writer and journalist.
Birthday Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908), Russian composer, conductor, critic, teacher and author of 15 operas.
Birthday of Nikolai N.A. Berdyaev (1874-1948), Russian religious philosopher and essayist, one of the founders of existentialism.
International Earth Day (Spring Equinox). On this day the Peace Bell rings.
Zoroastrian New Year. Zoroaster (IV century BC) is a Spiritual Teacher of mankind, the founder of Zoroastrianism.
Birthday of Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), Norwegian playwright and essayist.
World Poetry Day.
Birthday of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750), composer and founder of the German classics, author of polyphonic music.
Birthday of Modest Mussorgsky (1839-1881), Russian composer, member of the "The Mighty Handful" musical circle, author of operas - folk dramas.
World Water Day.
Birthday of Ulugh Beg (1394-1449), Timurid ruler, Tamerlane’s grandson, prominent astronomer and astrologer.
Day of Spiritual Teacher and the Teaching of Living Ethics. 24.03.1920 – Helena Roerich started compiling the Living Ethics books.
Cultural Worker Day.
Birthday of Catherine of Siena (1347-1380), Italian spiritual ascetic, sister of the Dominican Sisters of Penitence and peacemaker.
Birthday of Viktor Frankl (1905-1997), Austrian psychiatrist and psychologist, founder of logotherapy (treatment through the search for the meaning of life).
World Theatre Day.
- Birthday of Raphael (or 26.03 / 06.04.1483-1520), Italian painter, architect, graphic and poet of the High Renaissance.
Birthday of St. Teresa of Avila (1515-1582), Spanish nun, reformer of the Carmelite Order of the Ancient Observance and founder of its branch of "Barefoot Carmelites".
Birthday of Maxim Gorky (1868-1936), Russian writer, playwright, journalist and public figure.
Earth Protection Day.
Birthday of Joseph Haydn (1732-1809), Austrian classical composer, founder of the genre of symphony and quartet.
Birthday of Konstantin Paustovsky (1892-1968), Russian writer, master of lyrical prose.
International Bird Day.
Birthday of Nikolai Gogol (1809-1852), Russian writer, playwright and essayist.
Birthday of Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873-1943), Russian composer, pianist and conductor.
World Health Day.
Birthday of Ivan Ilyin (1883-1954), Russian religious philosopher and essayist.
World Aviation and Cosmonautics Day.
Birthday of Alexander Ostrovsky (1823-1886), Russian playwright, founder of Russian democratic theater.
Culture Day. 15.04.1935 – the Roerich Pact was signed by 21 countries in Washington, USA.
Birthday of Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, scientist, inventor, philosopher, thinker and writer.
Birthday of Guru Nanak (1469-1539), founder of Sikhism.
Birthday of Nikolai Gumilev (1886-1921), Russian poet and founder of the acmeism movement, translator, traveler.
Birthday of Thomas Vaughan (Eugenius Philalethes) (1622/1677-1666), English clergyman, Rosicrucian, alchemist and mystic.
International Day For Monuments and Sites.
Birthday of Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), German philosopher and humanist, founder of German classical philosophy, naturalist.
Birthday of Vladimir Ulyanov (Lenin) (1870-1924), world-famous Russian statesman, leader of the October Revolution of 1917, creator of the world's first socialist state.
William Shakespeare’s Birthday and Remembrance Day. William Shakespeare (1564-1616) was an English playwright, poet and thinker.
Birthday of Sergei Prokofiev (1891-1953), Russian composer, author of ballets, seven symphonies and "War and Peace" opera.
International Day of Youth Solidarity.
Birthday of Konkordia Antarova (1886-1959), Russian singer, honored artist of RSFSR, author of the novel "Two Lives".
Birthday of Marcus Aurelius (121-180), Stoic philosopher, Roman Emperor, author of "Meditations".
International Dance Day.
International Workers' Day. Let’s work for the Common Good!
Birthday of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955), French priest, philosopher, one of the founders of the noosphere theory, paleontologist.
Roerich Poetry Day.
Birthday of Natalia Spirina (1911-2004), desciple of Boris Abramov, Russian spiritual leader, poet and prose writer, cultural worker, Roerich specialist.
Birthday of Nikolay Zabolotsky (1903-1958), Russian poet and translator.
Birthday of Peter Tchaikovsky (1840-1893), Russian composer and lyricist, author of 10 operas, three ballets, six symphonies, piano, chamber and vocal music.
White Lotus Day. Helena Blavatsky Rememberence Day. Helena Blavatsky (1831-1891) was a Russian spiritual leader, founder of the Theosophical Society, public figure.
Birthday of Aleksey Khomyakov (1804-1860), Russian theologian, philosopher, founder of the Early Slavophiles, poet and essayist.
International Day of Families.
Birthday of Viktor Vasnetsov (1848-1926), Russian painter, architect, master of historical, religious and folk paintings.
Birthday of Venerable Sergius of Radonezh (1314-1392), spiritual defender and protector of Russia, builder of Russian spiritual culture, founder of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius.
International Museum Day.
World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development.
Yuri Roerich Remembrance Day. Yuri Roerich (1902-1960) was a Russian orientalist, linguist, person of encyclopaedic knowledge of the twentieth century, traveler, connoisseur of yogic practices and military affairs.
Commemoration day of St. Nikolaos the Wonderworker, Bishop of Myra (III-IV c.), Byzantine spiritual ascetic, especially revered in Russia (Orthodox tradition).
Birthday of Richard Wagner (1813-1883), German composer-reformer, author of 13 operas.
Day of Slavic Writing and Culture. Commemoration day of St. Cyril and St. Methodius (IX cent.), reformers and creators of the Slavic alphabet and the Church Slavonic Laguage.
All-Russian Day of libraries.
Birthday of Maximilian Voloshin (1877-1932), Russian poet, translator and critic.
Joan of Arc Remembrance Day (1412-1431). During the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453) she liberated France from the English rule. She was burned at the stake by the decision of the Inquisition.
Birthday of Walt Whitman (1819-1892), American poet and essayist.
Birthday of Mikhail Nesterov (1862-1942), Russian artist, portraitist, master of religious art.
International Children's Day.
Birthday of Mikhail Glinka (1804-1857), composer, father of the Russian classical music, author of operas.
Birthday of Vasily Polenov (1844-1927), Russian artist, master of historical, landscape, religious and genre painting, architect and teacher.
World Environment Day.
Birthday Diego Velázquez (1599-1660), Spanish realist painter, who laid the foundation for the psychological portrait in the European art.
Pushkin Day in Russia. Birthday of Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837), Russian poet and writer.
Birthday of Nikolai Fedorov (1829-1903), Russian religious philosopher, one of the founders of Russian cosmism.
Birthday of Robert Schumann (1810-1856), German romantic composer.
International Friends Day.
Russia Day. "Our Fatherland is a stronghold of the New World. Her future is radiant"("Facets of the Agni Yoga").
Birthday of Edvard Grieg (1843-1907), composer, founder of the Norwegian classical music.
Birthday of Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), French philosopher, mathematician and physicist.
Alfred Haydock Remembrance Day. Alfred Haydock (birthday unknown, 1892-1990), spiritual disciple and follower of Nicholas Roerich, writer.
Day of memory and sorrow. 22.06.1941 - beginning of the Great Patriotic War.
Birthday of Erich Maria Remarque (1898-1970), German writer.
Birthday of Anna Akhmatova (1889-1966), Russian poet, writer and literary critic.
Birthday of Richard Bach (born 1936), American writer and journalist.
Day of the friendship and unity of the Slavs
Russian Youth Day.
Feast day of the Prophet Amos (c. 850 - c. 783 years. BC), third of 12 "minor prophets", bright preacher (Orthodox tradition).
Birthday of Antoine de Saint-Exupery (1900-1944), French writer and poet.
World Architecture Day.
Birthday of Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716), German philosopher, mathematician, physicist and inventor
Birthday of Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902), spiritual thinker and religious reformer of India.
Jan Hus Remembrance Day. Jan Hus (1369-1415) was a Czech philosopher, ideologist of the Reformation, preacher. He was burned at the stake on July 6, 1415.
Birthday of Aleksey Remizov (1877-1957), Russian writer.
Birthday of John the Baptist, prophet, forerunner and baptist of Jesus Christ.
Birthday of Gustav Mahler (1860-1911), Austrian composer, symphonist and philosopher.
All-Russian Day of Family, Love and Faithfulness.
Commemoration day of St. Paul (5/10-64/67), devoted follower of Jesus Christ, preacher, one of the pillars of Christianity.
Birthday of Gavrila Derzhavin (1743-1816), Russian poet, statesman, representative of classicism.
Birthday of Rembrandt (1606-1669), painter of the Golden Age of Dutch painting, master of drawing, engraver, master of chiaroscuro.
Birthday of Alexander Ivanov (1806-1858), Russian painter, portraitist, representative of academism.
Andrei Rublev Remembrance Day. Andrei Rublev (1360/1370-1430) was a Russian icon painter, spiritual disciple of Venerable Sergius of Radonezh, the creator of the icon "The Holy Trinity".
Commemoration day of Venerable Sergius of Radonezh (1314-1392) (finding of relics), spiritual defender and protector of Russia, builder of Russian spiritual culture, founder of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius.
Birthday Vasily Shukshin (1929-1974), Russian writer, film director, actor and screenwriter.
Thomas à Kempis Remembrance Day. Thomas à Kempis (1379/1380-1471) was a Dutch spiritual ascetic, author of "The Imitation of Christ".
Birthday Ludmila Shaposhnikova (b. 1926), Russian writer and orientalist, historian, traveler, founder and director of the International Center-Museum of N.K. Roerich (Moscow).
Birthday of Ivan Aivazovsky (1817-1900), Russian artist, master of seascapes, battle-painter, author of 6000 paintings.
Birthday of Pavel Belikov (1911-1982), artist, major Roerich spesialist, biographer of the Roerich family, organizer and the Roerich movement.
International Friendship Day.
Birthday of Venerable Seraphim of Sarov (1754-1833), spiritual ascetic, founder of the Serafimo-Diveevsky Monastery.
Birthday of Boris Abramov (1897-1972), spiritual disciple and follower of Nicholas Roerich and Helena Roerich, yogi, compiler of moral and philosophical books "Facets of Agni Yoga", writer.
Commemoration day of St. Mary Magdalene (Orthodox tradition), devoted disciple of Jesus Christ who received her Master's teachings after his crucifixion. This teachings are known as "Big questions and small issues of Mary Magdalene" (Gnostic tradition).
Birthday of Ilya Repin (1844-1930), Russian painter, master of portraits, historical and genre painting, teacher and memoirist.
Commemoration day of St. Great Martyr and Healer Panteleimon (III - early. IV c.).
Commemoration day of Nicholas of Cusa (birthday is unknown, 1401-1464), German philosopher, theologian, scientist and theorist of mathematical science.
Birthday of Helena Blavatsky (1831-1891), Russian spiritual leader, founder of the Theosophical Society, public figure.
Birthday of Sri Aurobindo (1872-1950), Indian philosopher, poet, founder of the Integral Yoga.
Sri Ramakrishna Remembrance Day. Sri Ramakrishna (1836-1886) was an Indian spiritual ascetic, yogi, thinker, reformer of Hinduism.
Birthday of Yuri Roerich (1902-1960), Russian orientalist, linguist, person of encyclopedic knowledge of the twentieth century, traveler, connoisseur of yogic practices and military affairs.
Supposed time of birth of Nizami Ganjavi (1141-1209), Iranian-Persian romantic poet, mystic.
Transfiguration of Jesus, manifestation of the invisible spiritual nature of Jesus Christ to his disciples (Orthodox tradition).
Birthday of Claude Debussy (1862-1918), composer, founder of French Impressionism in music.
Birthday of Mother Teresa of Calcutta (1910-1997), Albanian and Indian spiritual ascetic, founder of the women's monastic community " Missionaries of Charity", Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (1979).
Titian Remembrance Day (1473/1477/1480s -1576), Italian colorist painter, Renaissance master of portrait.
Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Orthodox holiday).
Birthday of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), poet and philosopher, founder of the modern German literature, naturalist and educator.
Birthday of Maurice Maeterlinck (1862-1949), Belgian writer and philosopher.
Birthday of Isaac Levitan (1860-1900), landscape painter, founder of the "mood landscape" genre.
2nd half of Aug. / 1st half of Sept. - Supposed time of birth of Ibn Sina (Avicenna) (980-1037), Arab philosopher, physician, naturalist, author of "The Canon of Medicine".
International Knowledge Day.
World Day of Peace (01.09.1939 - beginning of the Second World War).
Boris Abramov Remembrance Day. Boris Abramov (1897-1972) was a spiritual disciple and follower of Nicholas Roerich and Helena Roerich, yogi, compiler of moral and philosophical books "Facets of Agni Yoga", writer.
Birthday of Eduard Asadov (1923-2004), Russian poet and writer.
International Day of Beauty.
Birthday of Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), Russian writer and thinker, humanist, author of novels, religious and philosophical writings.
Dante Remembrance Day. Dante (birthday unknown, 1265-1321) was an Italian philosopher, humanist, poet and politician.
Commemoration day of St. Prophet Moses (XVI - XV centuries BC.), founder of Judaism, legislator of the Jews (Orthodox tradition).
Birthday of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (1857-1935), founder of cosmonautics, representative of Russian cosmism.
Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Orthodox tradition).
International Day of Peace, day of global ceasefire and non-violence. The Day of Peace slogan is "Forgive, and you shall have peace."
Birthday of Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis (1875-1911), Lithuanian painter and cosmist symbolist, poet, composer.
Paracelsus Remembrance Day. Paracelsus (1493-1541) was a Swiss philosopher of the Renaissance, alchemist, physician, naturalist, one of the founders of iatrochemistry.
Birthday of Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975), Russian composer, symphonist, philosopher, author of 15 symphonies.
Birthday of Confucius (551-479 BC), Chinese philosopher, founder of Confucianism, which became the basis of the Chinese statehood.
Commemoration day of St. Great Martyrs Faith, Hope, Love and their mother Sophia (Orthodox tradition).
Birthday of Rumi (1207-1273), Persian Sufi poet, preacher and lawyer.
International Music Day.
International Day of Older Persons.
Birthday of Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948), leader of Indian independence movement, ideologist of non-violence philosophy (Satyagraha).
Commemoration day of St. Francis of Assisi (1181/1182-1226), Italian spiritual ascetic, founder of the Franciscan Friars.
Birthday of Ivan Shmelev (1873-1950), Russian writer and journalist.
World Teachers' Day.
Helena Roerich Remembrance Day (1879-1955). Helena Roerich (1879-1955), Russian spiritual leader, philosopher, co-founder of Living Ethics (Agni Yoga), East explorer, traveler and writer.
International Doctor's Day.
Commemoration day of Venerable Sergius of Radonezh (1314-1392), spiritual defender and protector of Russia, builder of Russian spiritual culture, founder of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius.
Birthday of Marina Tsvetaeva (1892-1941), Russian poet, prose writer and translator.
Birthday of Nicholas Roerich (1874-1947), Russian painter (author of more than 7,000 paintings), spiritual ascetic, philosopher, humanist, scientist, archaeologist and ethnographer, initiator of the Roerich Pact on Protection of Cultural Heritage, traveler.
Birthday of Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901), Italian composer and reformer, author of 26 operas.
Hafiz Shirazi Remembrance Day. Hafiz Shirazi (1325-1390) was a Persian-Tajik poet, Sufi.
Birthday of Akbar the Great (1542-1605), Indian ruler of the Mughal dynasty, unifier and reformer of India, peacemaker and patron of arts.
Birthday of Mikhail Lermontov (1814-1841), Russian poet, novelist and playwright.
Birthday of Franz Liszt (1811-1886), composer, virtuoso pianist and conductor, founder of the Hungarian classical music, representative of Romanticism, teacher.
Birthday of Ivan Bunin (1870-1953), Russian writer, poet, winner of the Nobel Prize Laureate in Literature (1933).
Birthday of Svetoslav Roerich (1904-1993), Russian painter (author of more than 4,000 paintings), philosopher, art critic, social activist, teacher, scientist and traveler.
Optina Elders Remembrance Day (last third of the XVIII century - first half of the XX century), Russian spiritual ascetics who clearly embodied the ideal of the elders.
Birthday of Daniil Andreyev (1906-1959), Russian writer, poet, philosopher and mystic.
National Unity Day.
Birthday of Marie Sklodowska-Curie (1867-1934), Polish-French physicist, chemist, educator, social activist, Double Nobel Prize Winner: physics (1903) and chemistry (1911).
Birthday of Ivan Turgenev (1818-1883), Russian writer and poet.
World Youth Day.
World Science Day for Peace and Development.
Birthday of Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881), Russian writer and thinker, humanist.
Birthday of Alexander Borodin (1 833-1887), Russian composer, conductor, music critic and author of the opera "Prince Igor", chemist.
Birthday of Auguste Rodin (1840-1917), French sculptor.
World Kindness Day. From the "Declaration of Kindness": "We recognize the fundamental importance of simple human kindness as a basic condition for satisfactory and meaningful life ...".
Birthday of Zinaida Fosdick (1889 - 1983), spiritual disciple of the Roerich family, active leader of many of Roerich's organizations, pianist, critic, teacher and translator. Since 1949 she is the director of Nicholas Roerich Museum in New York.
Birthday of Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964), one of the leaders of the Indian Independence Movement and the Indian National Congress, the first Prime Minister of independent India. This day is celebrated throughout the country as "Children's Day".
International Day for Tolerance.
Birthday of Claude Monet (1840-1926), French painter, one of the founders of Impressionism.
Birthday of Mikhail Lomonosov (1711-1765), first Russian world-famous naturalist, person of encyclopedic knowledge, reformer of the Russian language, poet and educator.
Birthday of Indira Gandhi (1917-1984), Indian politician, India's first female Prime Minister.
Universal Children's Day.
Synaxis of the Archangel Michael and the Other Bodiless Powers (Orthodox tradition).
Commemoration day of St. Gregory Palamas, Archbishop of Thessaloniki (1296-1359), Byzantine theologian and systematists of mystic teaching of Hesychasm.
Birthday of Alexander Blok (1880-1921), Russian symbolist poet, playwright and essayist.
Birthday of Dmitry Likhachov (1906-1999), Russian philologist, art historian, educator and author of the "Declaration of the Rights of Culture".
Birthday of Hryhorii Skovoroda (1722-1794), Russian and Ukrainian philosopher, poet, teacher.
Birthday of Fyodor Tyutchev (1803-1873), Russian lyric poet, cosmist, diplomat and journalist.
Fatherland Heroes Day.
International Human Rights Day.
Natalia Spirina Remembrance Day. Natalia Spirina (1911-2004) was a desciple of Boris Abramov, Russian spiritual leader, poet and prose writer, cultural worker, Roerich specialist.
International Mountain Day.
Birthday Alexander Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008), Russian writer, essayist, historian, social and political activist, Nobel Prize Laureate in Literature (1970).
Birthday of Nikolay Karamzin (1766-1826), Russian historian, writer and poet, author of a multi-volume work "History of the Russian State".
Nicholas Roerich Remembrance Day. Nicholas Roerich (1874-1947) was a Russian painter (author of more than 7,000 paintings), spiritual ascetic, philosopher, humanist, scientist, archaeologist and ethnographer, initiator of the Roerich Pact on Protection of Cultural Heritage, traveler.
Birthday of Puvis de Chavannes (1824-1898), French painter, representative of symbolism and monumental decorative painting.
Day of the Baptism of Beethoven (birthday unknown, 1770-1827), German composer, conductor and pianist, one of the three "Viennese classics," author of nine symphonies.
Commemoration day of St. Nikolaos the Wonderworker, Bishop of Myra (III-IV c.), Byzantine spiritual ascetic, especially revered in Russia (Orthodox tradition).
International Human Solidarity Day.
Birthday of Karl Bryullov (1799-1852), Russian painter, muralist, portraitist, master of drawing, representative of academism.
Christmas, annual commemoration of the birth of Jesus Christ, Spiritual Teacher of mankind (Catholic tradition).
Birthday of Pavel Tretyakov (1832-1898), Russian philanthropist, collector of Russian art, founder of Tretyakov Gallery.
New Year’s Eve.